The common trout, habitat and morphology
The main characteristics of the common trout is the presence of a variegated livery, highlighting the green color of its back and the white of its belly. Its sides are silver with red and black spots for its dorsal fins. These fins are round tip, except the adipose that is between the caudal and the dorsal fin, very typical of the salmonid species. Another physical characteristic of the trout are its ventral fins; they are strong and powerful which allow them to make turns and movements very fast. Later we will see more deeply their lifestyle, reproduction, and feeding, as we can say that the spawning or putting off the trout takes place in the autumnal season, the average being between 1000 and 2000 depositions per kg of weight of the common trout. The incubation range varies between 45 days and 2 months, these small fry are in the small rivers and streams and later swim towards deeper and deeper waters. The reproductive maturity of the trout reaches 3 years of age, its diet is based mainly on crustaceans, small insects and small fish. The common trout develops better in cold waters and clear with large amounts of oxygen, stone backgrounds, like to be between streams to be able to hunt everything that passes through them.
Scientific name: Salmo trutta L. Fario
Family : Salmonidae / Salmoninae
Order : Salmoniformes
Class : Actinopterigios (fish with radiated fins)
Max weight: 10 kg.
Max length: 70 cm
Feeding the common trout
Body and parts common troutThe trout is a fish that feeds through the visual location of the prey . Consequently, it has been considered that the moments of greatest activity of the trout occur during the day. However, although it has been known for some time that trout feed, to a greater or lesser extent, also at night, recent studies have shown that the nocturnal activity of trout is much more intense than previously assumed . The implantation of small radio transmitters in the body of the fish allows the researchers to follow their movements and analyze the daily rhythms of activity. The results of several of these studies have revealed that common trout , especially larger specimens, are mainly nocturnal.
The common trout is mainly a nocturnal fish
These fish remain relatively motionless during the day and begin their activity immediately after sunset and until dawn. The temperature of the water is a possible factor that can influence this behavior, since the fish with a nocturnal feeding schedule would avoid the high summer temperatures. However, it has been proven that nocturnal behavior occurs throughout the year both at temperatures below 10 ºC and above 22 ºC , so other explanations must be sought. Preventing its predation is another possible mechanism responsible for nocturnal behavior, as many of the predators piscivores, such as the cormorant, the heron or the otter, depend on the light to feed. However, although this is valid for small and medium-sized trout, the larger ones are not usually victims of predators, with the only exception of man. That is why there is a possibility that nocturnality in large trout is the result of an adaptation to human predation.
On the other hand, feeding the trout can be more efficient at night, especially in summer. Many invertebrates are more active at night and therefore more vulnerable to predation. Since the feeding efficiency of salmonids depends mainly on vision, it has been questioned whether the night vision of the common trout is superior to that of other species, such as rainbow trout , which is only active during daylight hours. Another alternative that arises is that common trout use other senses such as smell or lateral line to capture the chemical or hydromechanical traces of the prey.
Behavior of river trout
The peak activity of the common trout occurs during the spring, in the moments close to sunset and sunrise, and intermittently throughout the night, and sometimes, also during the day. In spring, the trout remains static in the pools during daylight hours, then move upstream to the rapids or tables, just after dark. The reason for this behavior is related to the greater availability of food that occurs in these places when the drift of invertebrates increases at night. The fact that during the day the large trout are still or almost immobile. It does not mean that they do not feed themselves: in fact, in the spring daytime feeding is also important. In the daytime hours they are placed in their postures sheltered from the current, intercepting the aquatic organisms that derive downstream. In autumn and winter, the greatest activity takes place at times when the sun has stopped illuminating the river, although in these months the activity during the morning is also important.
Habitat and behavior of the troutThe majority of studies on common trout show the existence of two groups within the same population: one sedentary group , made up of individuals that restrict their movements to very limited areas, and another group with much greater mobility, whose individuals can travel great distances in short intervals of time. The preponderance of one or the other group depends on many factors. Rivers of medium or large size tend to favor greater mobility of trout, while in small streams, individuals tend to have a behavior less prone to long trips. Also the size of the trouts has an influence on their behavior. Small specimens tend to have ranges of movements of more limited extent than larger trout. In part these differences are related to diet: the smaller trout consume mainly macroinvertebrates, while the larger specimens also include small fish and other prey in their diet, which they need to explore and travel more extensive areas.
Although the movements made by the trout are much more extensive and frequent than had been believed so far, the fidelity of the fish to certain places in the river is great . Thus, for example, studies with radio transmitters have confirmed a behavior of the common trout that had already been intuited by many fishermen, but that until now had had little scientific support: although the trout can change several times during a cycle of 24 hours, each trout tends to occupy in each moment of that cycle the same position day after day. That is to say, at a certain time of the day, each trout has the habit of being in the same place as the day before that same hour, although for that it has to travel distances of several hundred meters.
The spawn of the trout
The decrease in the hours of light and the progressive cooling of the waters that accompanies the arrival of winter are two triggers of some biological processes, such as the reproduction of salmonids, although not all species of this family spawn at this time. The common trout , salmon and salvelino spawn in autumn or early winter, while the rainbow trout do it in spring. In general, they require running waters to build the nests, but in lakes of mountain can, trout, in some cases, and charcoal more frequently, manage to spawn successfully on their shores. The places of laying required by salmonids are always clean gravel bottoms, normally at the exit of the pools, where the current keeps the bottom free of fine particles of sediment and the oxygenation of the eggs is greater. In these areas the broodstock are concentrated in the days before the start of the spawning ritual. The females, bending over their side and moving their tail hard, dig a depression that will act as a nest. During the excavation of the nest, the female is usually accompanied by several males. The largest of them is the dominant one and keeps the others away from the female.
The nests and hatcheries
The dimensions of the trout nest are related to the size of the fish. The older females make deeper nests in which the eggs will be more protected for the long incubation period that awaits them, generally one to five months. This long period of incubation exposes the eggs to multiple dangers if they are not properly buried, as they can be dragged by a flood or attacked by predators and, hence the importance of the minimum fishing sizes and in general the legal regulations of each section guarantee a minimum number of large spawners in the spawning period.
The migration behavior related to reproduction has interesting consequences for trout fishing in certain places
The females distribute the nest in several nests. Thus, after the deposition of the eggs in the first of the nests, the female excavates a new depression upstream. The removed gravel is dragged downstream to fall on the first of the nests, thus covering the newly deposited eggs. This act is repeated several times until the female has expelled all the eggs.
Migratory behavior and fishing
The trout and its behavior in the riversThe migratory behavior related to reproduction has interesting consequences for trout fishing in certain places. The reservoirs located in trout areas are excellent feeding places for the trout, which grows fast and up to considerable sizes. However, the trout can not spawn in the reservoirs due to lack of adequate conditions , which means that the tributary rivers have to be traced when the spawning period approaches. In late summer or early autumn, the breeding population tends to concentrate near the tributaries, and they begin to rise as the water cools. Fishing in these areas at this time means a unique opportunity to capture large specimens, that the rest of the year they remain dispersed in deep waters, being their fishing extremely difficult. Naturally, we must not forget the meaning of this annual migration and respect, by fishing without death , the fate of these fish, which is none other than reproduction, so that a new generation of young trout have the opportunity to repeat the cycle in the future.
The idea that trout traces rivers to find suitable places to spawn is widespread . In general terms, this is true, but the scope of these migrations varies greatly between the different populations of trout. Those that inhabit the headwaters and the mountain rivers only move a few meters, sometimes even downstream, to reach the gravel bottoms required to deposit the eggs. The trout that inhabit the middle reaches must make major trips, usually to the head of the main river or its tributaries, to find the right conditions. The most extreme case are the trout populations that migrate to the sea, which must go up long distances along the river course to reach the spawning areas.
Fishing large trout in rivers or lagoons
Common trout fishingIt is well known that the behavior of trout is somewhat distrustful and elusive, to this we must add the great strength and aggressiveness that develops in their behavior far superior to other types of fish, trout inhabit areas with mountain rivers, waters clean and with a large percentage of oxygen. We must take into account when fishingtrout that are very territorial fish, means that they spend most of their lives in an area bounded by the river only traveling long distances in the spawning season. It is very important to know the behavior and habits of this type of fish to act accordingly, if we know where it moves we will know where to launch the rod. Do not think that fishing for trout is almost an impossible mission, nothing is further from the truth, like any other type of fishing with practice and skill we can become all expert fishermen of this great fish.
It is evident that we can not be true experts of all existing sport fishing modalities , since if we pretended that we would not be experts in anything and apprentice of everything, it is not a bad tactic at all as we try new and alternative techniques Fishing gives us a more global knowledge of this fantastic art that is our passion, fishing !.
How to fish trout with spoon or spinning?
Undoubtedly this technique to fish trout is one of the most common in Spain, this does not mean that it is the simplest method since to fish with a spoon we will have to perfect our launch to place the lure right on the fishing boat where we imagine that they are. trout As always, the most difficult and complicated area is where our potential captures are going to be found, that is, under branches, stones, or tree roots these precious fish hide, therefore the risk that our lure will get stuck in One of these obstacles grows a lot.
Materials for the fishing of the trout to spinning
Our rod should have between 1.50 meters and 2.50 meters in length, being always light
Depending on the tastes, the reel can be mounted with a fixed drum, both open and closed, loaded with about 100 meters of 0.18 mm fishing line with quick pickup, always with ball bearings.
Avoid using fishing reels with a fixed open drum as much as possible since it increases the risk of suffering entanglements, as well as its use requires greater experience of the fisherman
The spoons can choose between several sizes, but not exceeding 2 with a maximum recommended weight of 4 grams, their shapes can be diverse, in the form of olives or oval
Regarding the colors are very varied and is part of the choice and tastes of the fisherman but the most common are black, red, green, white, silver or gold decorated with dots of different colors
Using spoons that have incorporated sleeves that rotate and move emitting a noise will give us a plus in front of trout.
It should be noted that the choice of the spoons will depend on the fishing area, the weather we have at all times, the color and turbidity of the water and the bottom, a good option in days with clouds is to use oval spoons with turns and golden color, on the other hand in sunny days we can use the silver and bright with red dots and size of 1 or 2 Mepps although the size will depend on the current available water at that time.
Teaspoon for fishing trout number 4
The launching to spin trout
Launch trout fishing in river We will try to send our lure to the opposite side of the shore where we find ourselves at an angle of about 45 degrees in the opposite direction to the water current. The speed of collection of the silk will depend on the currents, we will have to maintain a constant movement in the speed of the spoon. A trick that can give good resultsit is just when the lure falls to the water to maintain the tension of the line and to recover it little by little parallel to the edge of the shore, being very attractive for the trout that are found in the area. If you have ever bitten a trout, your hook will know how violent it is. This is why we will have to be prepared for the battle, the trout are famous for their great strength and endurance. If the trout is already hooked, it begins to work the harvest slowly to be able to tire it and thus reduce the risk of losing our prey.
How to catch trout in river with drowned fly?
If you doubt one of the most used techniques to fish large trout , especially in Spanish lands. At first, fly fishing was used natural insects while today fishermen use artificial, a change of thinking that has served to unleash the imagination of many fishing enthusiasts. Mainly two methods are used, the fishing with bulldozer and rat tail. To fish with rat tails we must know that it is very similar to dry fly fishing, with the unique feature that it is practiced with small nymphs, with greater weight than mosquito-like insects and is thrown downstream in favor of the current . To fish with drowned fly with bulldozer, it is essential to have great dexterity and good precision in the hauls, in the rate of recovery of the line and in the appropriate choice of lures, let's say that in this type of fishing to succeed Details are really important and we should not leave anything to chance.
Fishing equipment with drowned fly and bulldozer
The length of the rods oscillates between 2 and 3 meters and a half , the action of these fishing rods should not be extremely soft since we will perform very precise sets and thus play with the artificial lures as if they were live insects.
The fishing reels may be similar to those used to fish trout with spoons, the size of the insect will be between 3 and 5, although this factor will depend largely on the strength of the current of the place where we go to fish for trout, They must be attached to the typical plastic bubble filled only with air called a buldo. It is convenient to know the current rules on trout fishing in the region or autonomous community in which we are.
Regarding the line, the diameter to be used will be between 0.16 and 0.18 mm . We will use a lower thickness bass, with this part of the line what we will avoid is losing the whole line if the lure is trapped in some area of branches or stones, which is usually very common in trout fishing.
The trick is in the nymph fly or remaining in the buldo of the main line with a length of 20 cm. It is in the case of rigging 5 flies, if we use a platform 4, the length of the strips of 3 cm (4, 7 and 10 cm) and if it is 3 mosquitoes, the difference is 4 cm (4 and 8 cm). As for the bulldozer, the size will be 3-5 cm in diameter and, in particular, rubber, in a collision with the rocks, do not emit as much noise as plastic and resist better the shots. Mosquitoes say it is a good rule to start the season with dark insects and go as the season progresses, although I suggest you take a look at the Astorga and León manuscript.
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We will always have to be printed on the platform a speed equal to that of the current , giving the feeling that the mosquitoes fall naturally, the line slightly stretched, too, so that all the flies fulfill their function, mainly, of the "Salta "Which, as the name implies, must be jumping imitating the configuration of an insect. A technique that has recently been launched in our country and that has more followers every day is "Polish" fishing. This is a very similar fishing trail with rat tail nymph, but with small variations. The stems are used a little more, from 10 to 11 feet with an average action at the tip. With a platform of 2 or 3 nymphs, one of them must be very plumb. It is a fishery that takes a short time, since, in general, the spears do not exceed 2 or 3 times the length of the rod.
Its effectiveness is impressive and the same as we have said before, more and more fishermen who use this technique also have many critics, because we must not forget that, basically, it is not a long fishing race but with different gear used in fishing with natural bait. The bass line must be adapted to the depth in which we are going to fish and the distance between the lures should be short (10-12 cm.) (In the majority), remembering that one of the nymphs must "swim" so close from the bottom.
Fly fishing rod for trout
Rat tail fishing is a method that gains followers every day, not only for trout. Perhaps, this is the system that awakens feelings more than the fisherman in practice. For the thrill of watching our trout take on the surface, direct contact with the fish in hand is added through the line. The essence of dry fly fishing is the presentation of the lure. This requires great skill at the pier, has the special stealth and a good knowledge of the trout deer, the behavior of the ICT, the environment in which he lives and what his eating habits. This will allow us to choose different bodies of water Between them and times of the year, the most suitable fly and the place to put it. The rod is different from those commonly used for other types of fishing. Its main differences are in the grip and the position of the coil.
The length varies between 6 and 9 feet, or what is the same, between 1.80 meters and 2.75 meters. The choice must be made regarding the place where it is detected, using the smallest, from 6 to 7 feet, in the streams, ravines with vegetation and narrow spaces that do not allow the use of along the stems, the ones of 7.5 at 8.5 feet, it will be used in rivers with open spaces enough to make long spears and those that are 9 feet to more efficient reservoirs and lakes.
Capture and release of trout fishingGraphite, fiberglass and bamboo are the manufacturing materials. We recommend graphite, since fiberglass is not a material that allows us a good control of the line and bamboo is reserved for experts and is expensive. The reel, designed especially for fly fishing , is the central role. Its importance is relative, since its function is limited to the maintenance of the line. Although most incorporate the brake mechanism and some carry the automatic selection tape handle, either mechanical or electrical, it is only useful when it comes to capturing large species, as it is normally sufficient to pick up the hand line for catch the trout. Before packing the line in the coil, you have to fill it with a brutal descent of 25 meters.
The line, called rat tail by shape, in the diameter of the downlink of the central area at the end, is a relatively high weight, to facilitate the flies distance release. Their values and weight vary according to the place of fishing and the experience of the fisherman, and the length between 25 and 37 meters . According to the manufacturer. The numbering varies from 1 to 15, less and more weight, regulated internationally by the AFTMA classification (Association of Fishing Equipment Manufacturers of America). We recommend for beginners a line 6, which is heavy enough to control the launch and the Posada de la Mosca is not too steep, however, since the technique is mastered, you have to reduce the number.
Rat tails numbers 4 and 5 are the most common when you have experience (I saw masters manage a line of 2 and make pitches over 15 MTS.) (Then place the fly in desired location). There are more lines with different types of conical shape: -. 'double pin' (double cone-DT), is the most used and the easiest to find in the fishing facilities. It has a homogeneous central section and is provided for both ends, with the advantage that anyone can use it in case of breakage of one of them. Launches 10-15 MTS .- "centered dual spindle" (weight before-WF-), like the previous one, but with the peculiarity that the main mass is centered at 10.7 meters. Initial.
The rest of the line is finer and more homogeneous so that it is easier to slip through the rings. Launches 15-20 MTS .- "tip of the spear" (St-conical shot), with a section to be granted, which is the one that is linked to the back and the thickest part is the one that acts as a load for the homes of more than 20-25 meters. They are used in tanks and in the open sea. We also have to choose whether we want floating or submersible, which in turn varies with the sinking speed. We have to buy the right rat tail from the corresponding bar. In all the rods, the tolerance of the lines is indicated, which is stored in them.
Trout fishing with a running background
This is a technique that uses natural bait in rivers , particularly in the large river and, especially in fast water, but also applies to calm currents. This may be the most successful way you take it with water. It involves moving the natural bait along the riverbed. Obviously, it is a better gravel bottom and with little vegetation, which is, otherwise, or as we know these resources to avoid the obstacles that can be found in them, or who will opt for another fishing technique. The bait used for this type of fishing is the worm, but it works correctly with Gusarapa, grasshoppers and other insects that can be found in banks.
We will use long rods 4-5 meters. And the average ratio at the end, which allows us to detect the sweet bites and skillfully manipulate the line; Keep it tight enough. With these bars, you will not have to go to the river, avoiding the worries of some trout. The coil, the open drum to facilitate the exit of the line, and with the capacity of 200-250 meters of silk, because sometimes the bait must travel long distances to cut. We will have to carry in our box, lose different weights, adapt lead to different pools and currents that we can find. This is the key, we have to experiment so that the bait moves a few centimeters from the bottom, not at an excessive speed. Sometimes we have to use lines of up to 20 gr install a thick line (16-20 cents) at hand (0.10-0, 25 hundredths) and approximately 30-40 cm. Lead (or lead) is to be inserted into the seam lines. The hook of a size between 12 and 8.
The launches will be carried a few meters upstream from where we think the trout is , enough for the bait to the bottom and pass naturally through the hunting or energy areas, with the tip of the rod and the High open collection, keeping the line taut and controlling its output from the coil. It can be difficult to distinguish between a bite and give rise to a stop barrier. At first, a good option is to take any hint of a possible bite and, finally, learn to interpret. It is important to tighten the line at the time of traction, as the trout will try to hide in their shelters when the nail feels. This avoids entanglements with the bottom of stones and roots, with the consequent loss of the platform and the base plate. The frequent revision of the line and the hook is important, which can be damaged due to continuous friction.
Fish trout with float
Finally comment that this method to capture trout is done with very similar equipment for deep fishing , with the only difference that we will use a rod float, without doubt the most efficient for this task. We will have to take into account that we have to arrange the weights distributing them uniformly at a distance of about 15 cm between the cables and about 20 cm from the hook, always using weights proportional to the float.
The common trout, habitat and morphology