The gilthead seabream, habitat and morphology
The fish commonly called golden fish has a high gastronomic value as well as sports fishing, its name is given by its golden color line between the eyes. The fishing off the gilthead bream is usually from the coast since that is where they live. It has a wide area of habitat, from the Mediterranean Sea to South America. Depending on the maturation of the bream they are more prolific in certain areas, for example, the fry like the coast and the littoral while the adult specimens sail deeper waters up to 150 meters. The golden one likes to be in backgrounds with enough vegetation, with rocks or sandy bottoms. The average size that can reach the golden round the meter in length and its weight up to 8 kilos. It has the body compressed on both sides and its dorsal line has a pronounced convexity. It is characterized by having large lips and heads. Its dorsal fin is unique and its two pectoral fins end in a point. The bream has a color with green and blue tones in its dorsal area and the belly is silver. As we have said, his name comes from his golden band that crosses both his eyes. The reproduction of the bream is curious at least, up to 2 years old they are males but when they reach 3 years of age they become females with the ability to lay eggs, this type of species is known as protandric hermaphrodite. The months that Autumn and Winter lasts are devoted to reproduction. The golden one is without a doubt one of the species with greater interest in the sport of the fishing. Their diet is based on small fish, crustaceans and molluscs, although sometimes they also eat seaweed and green sea plants.
Scientific name: Sparus aurata
Family : Sparidae
Order : Perciformes
Class : Actinopterygii
Max weight: 7-8 kg.
Max length: 100 cm
The fishing of the bream, tricks, techniques and advice
Defying icy winds, rough sea or almost no fish, we dare to look for the first peponas of the year on shallow sandy beaches, where we need very specific conditions, long haul and the best baits to try to knock down a beautiful shore golden Between day and day after the smithy of winter from time to time we get the comment that on such a beach have taken a gold of three or four kilos, a bug in conditions, and that makes us immediately revolutionize, thinking that if a golden on that beach, perhaps in another, which is similar and we know, we could be the ones who got a big catch.
Fishing gilthead in winter, necessary conditions
The gilthead And it is that despite the bad fishing conditions we usually have in most of the winter there are days and fishing in which everything seems to line up to tempt the area's biggest sea breams, those that spend the winter near the coast, in rocky bottoms and that from time to time They come to the beach looking for food. Of course, not everything is the desire we have to get gold now, that is not valid in practice; we must refine, wait for the conditions to occur, go to the fishing boat that offers better options in terms of bottom removed and with food, and some proximity to the rocks where we think they may have gilded, and above all, fishing to the limit, is to say, to bet by ultra fine lines, very discreet assemblies, baits that we can throw at a great distance and throws to the limit of our best fishing rod; just like that, at best,
And the thing is not there, and we do not have few conditions precisely; It is still necessary to recover the catch, to work it with these lines and at a long distance, to be able to withstand the tension, to get over and over again if the fish is released, to recover with tenderness, elasticity and balance, until the gold is brought closer to the shore of these shallow beaches, and see her finally lie down in that span of water where it is almost safe to take them with her hands.
Cloudy waters after the storm
Cloudy waters after the stormIt is one of the best options that we can find in these winter datesto be able to have options with the good weight gilts on the sandy beaches, because in some rock bottom fishing if it is true that we can nail some more with some ease, even in days of stagnant water, but for the good golden Now enter the beaches, and at a distance within reach of our canes, we need the claim of the pantry is very large. We usually find this after a storm that is not excessively tumultuous, the toughest storms move the sands and change the feeders, changing beaches with potential for fishing with hardly any options to capture good gilt for a long time, and especially after the incidence of a temporary east with strong wind, the typical "levantera" to which so many affection we have many fishermen.
If the sea remains excessively calm during days, the bottom is compacted in such a way that the fish have a great difficulty to find food , reason why the activity in the strip where we reach with our sets low considerably; but this curling of the surface will suffice, translated into a movement that lifts the first layer of sand from the bottom of these shallow beaches, so that the fish activate and go out to look for food, and in this the great golds go with some speed.
The patience in the fishing of the bream will be your greatest virtue
The sea may be enraged and the wind may hit hard, there we better hope; pretending to know how to fish golden is very complicated, although it is possible that we can achieve some capture, but at the cost of entanglements, crosses lines and mishaps. Of course, as soon as we can be sure that begins to subside is when you have to be ready, and if it can not be that day to the next you have to be throwing the rods as soon as possible, because the pantry is still open and it is easy to enter to eat fish of all types and sizes, and among them some good gold. We will also have options to nail some good sea bream when the weather starts to change and rain or cloud comes up suddenly, beware if we are facing a storm and fish with carbon rods or other sensitive materials to attract electric shocks, if we are fishing with good weather, sunny and a sudden change comes, that pressure drop and that instability sometimes causes good pieces to come in even closer than we think, we must be vigilant and perform a quick fan search, with all the rods surfcasting , it is about detecting as soon as possible where that lonely golden one moves or that little group of two or three good peponas.
Looking for sea bream in the blacksmiths' fishing
This is one of the best references I know to look for with certain guarantees of great success in winter, although with the gilt the guarantee never exists, where we have been getting good blacksmiths at the end of autumn is where we have more chances to nail one of these days a pepona of several kilos. And without being a fixed fix the experience says that where they have feeder the smiths of winter also has it the gilt ones. Of course, we must be clear that in the beaches of soft fall to the bottom, where the sandy areas are extensive, and on sunny days of winter, we can capture a good ranch of smiths palm trees (this autumn have left many of 600-700 grams , very good herrerones); we have to take care of the haul to get to that strip where we can choose to capture a large pepona.
Moreover, it is relatively frequent that whoever arrives at that mark after which large shells can be taken out will surprise some good gilthead and other good size fish (brecas, sea bass, etc.) by surprise. Now in winter the beaches do not offer as much food as spring or summer, and the golden ones come to look for it where the blacksmiths, breams and other fish come regularly.
Fish big breams at the exact point
Big golden fishing It is interesting to be very attentive to that area of the beach where we see some water sleeves of different colors; This is not always the case, but we can locate a current of passage, which in these shallow sandy beaches are true channels through which the fish move on entering or leaving the beach looking for food. Also try to locate yourself in an area from which you can reach your sets to the area where the water changes color, symptom of different temperature and usually higher background; that tide is often the one that separates those who achieve captures from those who do not get them during these cold winter dates.
And of course, if you detect where the coastal trawlers are fishing and you can launch as close as possible to where they have been raking the bottom do it, there you will have possibly the best captures that come out to eat fast everything that is emerging, sometimes the we have seen while diving, following the wake in the background, lifting, through these rakes, looking for crabs, worms and shells of all kinds. Attentive in days of very calm waters, this can be an option that gives us good catches when almost nobody goes fishing to await the levantera.
Fishing equipment for sea bream, sets to the limit
Fishing rod reel golden on beach Except that golden one that enters you without even going to them, in winter and fishing on sandy beaches and with little depth you have to risk and choose to put the equipment to the limit to gain distance and avoid suspicion on the part of the gilthead; that means assembling thin-line coils, long conical bridges (usually some come in coils of 150 meters), rods capable of taking many meters and adapting the rigs with long and very thin branches as well.
In the fishing of the bream you have to risk and choose to put the team to the limit to gain distance in your sets
This supposes that altogether, and leaving the thick bridge of set, we will not be fishing not even touching the 0.20 mm; the usual thing will be to opt for a mother line of about 0.16 mm maximum, and a rigging line with a slightly thicker line. I insist, it is about optimizing everything possible to scratch meters of haul, there is the border between reaching that area where the golden ones move or staying at fifteen meters and without chopping options.
Careful to mount ball or special weights to anchor well and resist the current, because when it comes to remove it from the sand, at a great distance and with very fine fishing threads, it is normal that in some pull you leave; you have to take risks, use casting type leads, avoid urfes and all the accessories ; Go to the limit, that translates into distance and less attention. Personally, these occasions in which I put my effort to look for some good golden in winter I carry my fishing rods hybridized, they give me enough performance of set and in addition I can detect a slight peck at a great distance; to it we add that to work a big fish with the reel brake very loose they are more comfortable and help enough to tire before the fish. These pointers have a nerve so thin and sharp that they help in pulling work on the fish we work with.
Types of golden fishing baits
To throw away we already know that we have to avoid bulky and heavy baits, it is a challenge, we will try to take advantage of the bait that inspires us the most confidence in the area; worms and baby titas are usually the best options by weight and flight, as much a thin strip of tita turn or a thin strip of choco moored imitating a worm can make us, and in any case I recommend to mount different baits in the reeds that we carry, these Maybe they are the best bait for fishing gilthead. Below we will review in more detail the best baits to use for fishing this mythical fish.
Work catch calmly or you will lose it
Golden fishing from the coastThere is no choice but to be prepared for if at the most unsuspected moment a rod is cambering as if it were going to split, or what is more frequent, stays straight with the line in band, clear symptoms that we have chopped. You have to be prepared because having thrown a great distance it is easier to lose a good weight catch because of our reaction or how we recover that by defect of the material or breakage, because we fish on sandy beaches. Looking for gilts in these winter dates you have to risk and launch with very fine lines, as we said, and that is why the fishing action requires that we are always very close to the reeds, very attentive to the pointers and the tension of the line, and willing to arrive in a few seconds to grasp the rod, tune the brake Surfcasting reel and start working the catch with tact and very gently.
First of all, you have to give the golden thread, the one that asks, the more the fish is further away and the more shore will endanger the catch; let us realize that it is a recovery of time and touch, we must let the sea bream get tired, run, if we are on a sandy beach there is practically no risk of snagging, the only thing to have is the proximity of the others reeds, so let us warn a partner to remove the one that is in line with the fish's escape.
Keep running and have proof
We are going to recover rhythmically, let's turn the crank of the fishing reel with the right tension brake, so we will cut back little by little when possible, and we will have the contact at all times with the brio and escape cadence of the bream , not you close the brake in terms of a truce, because the same starts a dribble and a new race and you cause the fishing line to split. When you notice that the escapes are shorter and the rest are longer, you should adjust the brake slightly, a little alone, calm, that the gilt has a margin and keep running if you want, and if you pull it and you are not tired enough , that when pulling and running do not overstress or compromise the resistance of your line of 0.14 mm or 0.16 mm in diameter .
In these circumstances we may start to sweat; do not get overwhelmed by the heat and tension, if you have too much warm clothing you take it off as soon as you can, more than once we ended up taking the gold in shirt despite the low temperatures of winter, but keep in mind that if you get overwhelmed You will want to finish soon and you will tend to tow the sea bream by force, to close the brake more than necessary, and that is very risky, this is the sport of fishing!As soon as you check for the load of the reel and for the inclination of the line that the sea bream is already less than half the way, it is normal to see that it shoots less, and that it runs less distance if you are bringing it slowly and without forcing it into excess; Many good golden ones, already tired, let themselves be brought for a while, but be careful, as soon as you notice that the depth is less and the water is more turbid due to the reflux, you can start a strong race, there you lose many good peponas.
Tips to fish successfully gilthead
Beware of laying the fishing rod before time, which is very fashionable, and if in that position the gilt attacks with rage and gives one of those strong pulls you will be without capture; try to keep the cane in about 45 degrees, more or less, and go directing the pointer where the gilt wants to go; works with the pointer, but high and accompanies this work with the brake of the reel. Finally, and the same thing you have thrown fifteen, twenty or thirty minutes if the pepona is really good, you may put the bridge section in the coil, with the gold already almost lying in sight; there, as soon as you notice that you let yourself get carried away by the ebb and flow of the reflux, take advantage of the entrance of a couple of wavelets and tweak it, then if it is prudent to lay the cane and walk back, with the brake in case it hits four times, never close it butt.
Video on how to fish big gilts on the beach
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How to fish gilded from coast to surfcasting?
A natural paradise that also offers us a very good fishing for the gilthead seabream, as well as other species such as the herrera, the sargo and the dances, in which large catches can be taken and in great quantity if we find the right day. To fish for gilthead bream and succeed on a beach that, although it is very suitable for the capture of this species, you have to know how to fish because you have to take many factors into account, as it is a complicated fishery, and know how to interpret everything as a whole and attend the most appropriate day and time to determine the success or failure of fishing.
Meteorological factors to take into account
Golden fishing spotsOne of the most important factors to fish in this beach, as in most of the fishing how is the environmental factor , because no matter how good the fishery is, we will not be able to catch gold if the circumstances do not accompany it, because when eating and to see our baits influences much the color of the water, the atmospheric pressure, the state of the sea and the wind. The atmospheric pressure an important factor, being for my ideal taste the pressures that oscillate between 2014 and 1022 mb, being bad for the capture of this species that the pressure falls of the 1010 mb
The wind is also something to keep in mind because the golden one likes calm water, and if the air is very strong we will move the water too much, and it will cause very large waves to rise; If you come from the South, it will cut the distance from our sets, and it will greatly influence the color of the water, with the ideal conditions coming from mild Poniente. The color of the water in this fishing is decisive, because if it is taken, chocolate or greenish color we have all the ballots so that there are few catches of gilthead breams and a lot of mojarras, which seems to love this color of water, and It makes our baits last nothing in the hook and we have to be replenishing them constantly while the very clear and crystal clear water seems to scare them, them and other species of small size,
The perfect team to fish golden from the beach to surfcasting
Being a fishing boat in which the presence of ideal algae is frequent, a rod that is high, 4.50 meters long, with a 1.5 meter spike now that our thread enters the water at a greater distance from the shore, and that therefore something less entangled in the line. The rings, even if they are a low rider type so that they can be used for very fine threads, are better if they are as large as possible. To be able to work better with the algae that you have left on the line. The action of the cane better if it is semi-parabolic, and with a semi-hybrid pointer, which is not very soft, so that it moves well away from our sinkers and can be put bulky and heavy baits when they have to be used by the presence of mojarras in the fishing boat.
The best reel that is light , and that has a very sensitive brake to use fine threads, since it is very important to be able to work a good sea bream in safety conditions, and that has a large reel, that offers a good thread exit during The cast Lead. The one of the enebrales is a beach in which there are no strong currents, and of which it treats is to put the lead to the greater possible distance, by what the ideal thing is that it has a weight of between 120 and 135 grams . If there is wind, the ideal is to use the so-called Portuguese lead, and if the wind allows it, one of the competition castings will be ideal, the one that is more aerodynamic to reach greater distances.
Threads and lines
The line is very important, I recommend that it be of the best possible quality , that it holds a lot of weight, and better that it has a fluorocarbon and silicone coating that prevents it from drying out as much as the others, with the recommended sizes of 0.12 and 0.14 millimetersif there is no presence of algae, and thicker when there are, to avoid breaking the line, since this fishery requires very long Lances, because the sea bream can be caught very far from the shore, although it is true that sometimes they have already taken just 80 meters of it, but most of the times they are caught at a great distance. The gametas is very important that they are fine, since the gilthead bream has very good sight, especially if the water is very clear, being advisable to make the ones of 2.5 meters and of a good Flo carbon of 0.20 and 0.22 , if there is sea bottom and waves we will gradually raise the gameta so that we do not get entangled, and cutting the length of it.
The hooks will depend a lot on the bait we use, so if we choose baits such as the Catalan or American worm, the best option is to take them as buttonhole 4. If we use baits like the galley, we will also use the number 4, but finer, Do as little damage as possible to the galley, since this bait is very delicate. To make them harder, like the crab and the tita, it would be appropriate to use a larger hook, from number 3 to 1, or even larger, depending on the size of the bait.
So much for that beach as for the others where we are going to tempt species like the gilthead and we use very thin gametes the most effective so that we do not know what our gameta is is to use the silicone stops mounted on the line bridge, and between half a small rolling and two beads, being able to separate the two stops to avoid that the gold does not give you the tension of the line, yes, leaving 50 cm maximum of separation in stops, and always a quarter of the lead the lower stop, to avoid what the gametas are bound to; It is attached to a quick coupling clamp that allows us to change the leads according to the weather conditions.
Video about the assembly of a rig for gilthead
Type of soft baits
4 are the baits more or less what we can use in this beach to look for sea breams; la la rosca, la gusana Catalana, and the American worm.
Bait crab galley This game is one of the best that we can use on the beach, it will come out three or four times cheaper than the American or Catalan worms, and it will not be any more, but you have to know how to incarnate it well on the hook , and that this as much as possible, to increase its effectiveness, may also attract species such as the herrera, who will not hesitate to attack this succulent bait. There are two ways to mount it; a puncture with a hollow needle As small as possible, removing it through the abdomen before reaching the thorax and putting the gameta inside the needle until the death of the hook appears by the tail. Another way is by clicking the same way but removing the tip of the needle through the thorax trying not to puncture the vital areas,
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This bait is appropriate on the beach how are you that demand a lot of distance in the haul, for its light weight and the fine ones that are, since they will allow us to put the baits very far. I would highlight two ways of embodying it, one to which we are all accustomed by passing it through the needle on a number 4 eyelet hook with the dovetail knot; We put the needle on the tip of the hook and passed the bait of the needle to the hook. The other system used in case the worm is in poor condition and breaks easily is to use the smaller hook of paddle and the knot falls to the bottom of the hook to pass the gameta inside the needle .
This will also be the bait of the most suitable to use on this beach, which are cheap and on certain days will be the only one that wants the gilthead, so it is highly advisable to have it always on our fishing trip, being the most effective the one of the Atlantic.
Bait quite expensive, but it is also convenient to carry a box at least, because the golden, how capricious it is, sometimes does not want the Catalan worm and prefers a worm with more blood, how is the American, can also determine the success or failure of our fishing day. As I said before to be a beach that requires very long hauls the ideal is that the American worm is not very large, but if the one we carry is the XXL, there is a trick to cut it even in three pieces without bleeding, and by not weighing so much we can throw it far away. The trick is to treat the worm as if it were play dough; we are rubbing the part that we want to cut against a hard surface, so that this part that alone is part without bleeding the least.
The fishing of sea breams from breakwaters in October
To the relief of many of us, who have not been able to fish for many months in many beaches for the summer season, with their banistas and the time limitations for fishing, October is the beginning of the good season for fishing from beaches and rocky places., with the advantage of finally having a greater freedom of movement, and being able to adapt better the days to the points in which the conditions indicate that we can have more chances of success. This time we will try to make the most of the options with the gilthead bream fishing from breakwaters; In the next few months the fishing activity is focused on the beaches, but in the breakwaters we still have good prospects, especially in areas where we achieve good sand bottoms rich in food, and even more so if we have one or several currents of passage or exit within our reach.
The sea bream is now approaching the beaches more easily, and although this does not mean that every day we are going to take some, it is true that the options for catching medium breams are increasing, and even from time to time we can take the surprise with some of the good ones, especially in as time begins to change and greater instability occurs; then you have to be careful and be very attentive to the weather forecasts, there are times when the first rains of autumn and a somewhat gray sea result in a catch of several kilos. At the moment we are going to see the potential of the breakwaters and the reason why we have to observe very well and bet to place ourselves in very specific points, since outside of them the possibilities are reduced. Remember that the bream is very predisposed to approach the breakwaters on the way to the beach,
On surface and under water
So once you reach the jetty, move slowly, because what matters is not to put yourself on the same flat rock as always to be able to throw well, what really matters is to discover if currents act in the immediate vicinity. It does not matter if that current is a very discrete, irregular wake, describing an arc or a straight line; if there is a current and you find it, to enter good fish the most normal thing is that it is by that road that marks the wake that you see on the surface. Many times we think that these stelae are the result of the passage of a jet ski or a boat, and do not repair them more, but many, when they are in sight, are cooler water streams than the one in the vicinity, standing out for a lighter shade of color than the surrounding water mass. We see this when this current manifests itself on the surface, but I am convinced that the most usable for fishing are the bottom ones, which are often not perceived from outside the water; these rapid and certainly strong currents are the ones that reach the greatest distance and serve as a channel of passage and entry to remote bottom fishes and to many large specimens that live deeper.
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The choice of bait
If you agree on the fishing with a good grain of entry dorada do not worry about the bait, because in those circumstances, and moving to eat, dorada do not walk with squeamishness, and there are occasions that enter all kinds of baits; it would not be the first sardine spread to the snook that swallows a good sea bream. As in any day dedicated to the gilt, the uncertainty will always accompany us, but we must not stop being foresighted, and take the fisherman among some different baits; It is true that sometimes the entrance is very discreet, and then yes, we must fine-tune with the baits, because we risk losing one or two good catches, and fishing is not for that.
Crab, tita and choco
Bait golden big titsThese are the essentials, the crab, the tita and the choco. If we know how to look for those positions with nearby currents, or raking zones, with them we will have the maximum of options to get gold as soon as they get to eat, and beware, that in these next weeks there is always someone who catches a big fish. because a small band of medium-sized sea breams approaches the coast and comes walking around the jetty facing the beach. By possibilities the three baits have many, however, the crab has an extra in these veins of water from the beach, since there the golden enters looking for food from the area, and the crab is always present; it is more, it is a bait that with the gilt you have more advantages, since when having to chew it several times they are nailed alone, that with a strip of choco something thick or with a tita turned back it may not happen, It depends on how they are eating and how big the bream is. But with the crab there are rarely problems.
It is important to mount long branches, because at the bottom there is always movement by the action of the current, and the baits will be in motion, an addition in our favor; for this same reason, the aroma of the baits is distributed better by the bottom, and the current takes this scent reguerillo, so to enter some gilt is very likely to detect the bait quickly. Therefore, if we do not need to throw very far, we can mount a primer on the rig, filled with mussel putty or squid; This primer is going to be a chopper exciter for the gilthead, as the bait attracts them immediately. In this cane, we must count on the fact that the same thing is not a bream that stings, but a good sea bream, a sea bass or a snapper; the background primers are a very good resource when the launch allows it.