Carp, Habitat And Morphology


The carp, a fish of considerable size of the family of the cyprinids. This type of fish is very desired among fans of sport fishing , more specifically those of carp fishing or fishing. According to its morphology we realize that carps have a small mouth compared to their body, this mouth carries with it 4 sensory chins two to two. The lateral part has a golden color, in addition its dorsal fin is very long and strong with a color with darker tones. The body of the carp is composed of between 32 and 40 lateral scales, this type of fish has been raised intensively for its high recreational value, generating several types of carp species, each with unique characteristics. For example, we can find the Carp Royal, leather or Common carp, the Kóllar carp . The habitat of this species is more comfortable in areas of calm waters and preferably warm. The females spawn late spring in places with little depth and lots of vegetation, the approximate number of eggs per round between 100 thousand and 200 thousand. We can consider the carp an omnivorous fish since they eat from small fish to vegetables in the background.

Scientific name: Cyprinus carpio

Family : Cyprinidae

Order : Cypriniformes

Class : Actinopterigios (fish with radiated fins)

Max weight: 37 kg ..

Max length: 120 cm

Techniques for fishing carps and barbels on the surface

How to catch carps

It is in spring when the reservoirs take water reserves, flooding areas that used to be meadows is a great moment to launch ourselves in the search and capture of large carps and barbels. Let's see what is the behavior of these cyprinids and what are the best strategies for a successful fishing, come on !. The zones rich in vegetation are invaded by insects that in turn are a supplement in the diet of the cyprinids, which eat all kinds of invertebrates, aquatic or terrestrial, which hatch or fall into the water by accident. The carp and barbel know how to take advantage of those moments and the fly fisherman has to know them. The first sunny days of spring begin to warm the waters of the reservoirs, and as the surface layers are getting hotter, the carps and barbels rise to the surface and approach the banks to taste all kinds of seaweed and seeds, but also insects It is time to take advantage of fishing carps and barbs on the surface.

This kind of carps that eat on the surface (both royal and common) are not usually large, although there are always exceptions. The advisable thing to fish them and to enjoy them to the one hundred percent, would be to do it with equipment for lines of the five or of the six, reels of fishing with good brakes and at least fifty meters of capacity for backing. Normally I use a team for line eight, simply for those exceptions. Always depending on the place where we intend to fish for carpsor barbels, we will act differently, according to the habits and eating habits they have. There are sites that are very easy to have many and little food for so many, in these places they have similar weights and they are not usually very big, being the most normal carps of one or two kilos. In other swamps large and small carps coexist and you can sting any of them, since they eat the same things; in others it will be impossible or very difficult to obtain only one specimen, normally cold and deep water reservoirs, so that in very few occasions we will be able to tempt them on the surface, although perhaps more often we can do it with the barbels.

Very interesting video about carp fishing with earthworm

Are the carps a selective fish?

You can not say that the carp is a selective fish at the time of eating , because they will take anything to know if it is edible. On quiet days, especially air, there will be a time when they will eat up and any imitation or lure that we present to them near their mouths will take it, ruling more by colors than by shapes. There are other situations in which they are dedicated to absorb the concentrations of particles and microorganisms that are in the first layer of water and just below the surface, so everything that we offer above the water will reject it. Here, the emergent flies will fulfill their role perfectly and will take them better if they are in their path of absorption, because they are just below the surface.

When the carps or barbs do not eat on the surface it will be impossible to make them go up, although you can try from the bottom.

One of the tactics to follow is to wait for them in these querenciosas zones, doing first a small study of the possible insects of that place to offer them the closest thing to what they are supposed to eat, although it is not necessary, because as I said , they are not selective. My favorite tactic is to look for them by the edges and try to fish the carp that I choose and not the one that arrives first. Other times, the sophisticated imitations of nothing will serve us, because a simple antron rolled in the hook will suffice, insisting once again that it is more important the presentation that the same imitation, so the fisherman who wants to try must have a good aim and sweet inn, since the first haul is decisive. In all the occasions the carp is not going to twist to catch our imitation and, depending on how they act that day, fishing on the surface we can find different attitudes on their part.

Tips for fishing loose carps

The Secrets of Fishing in the Sea

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They swim separated from each other normally without following the same line and at unequal distances. You have to intuit the trajectory, with a simple visual reasoning, and put the imitation two meters ahead of the fish. In the event that the carp goes right to the fly and rejects, do not lift it out of the water immediately, it is better to wait a moment to give it time to move away and do not get scared. Look if it comes again in the direction of the fly before trying to launch again. If we perform this operation well, and in the second attempt we also despise what we offer, it will be better to look for another copy . If we changed the imitation, it would surely continue to reject. The exception that breaks the rule I could check one day that I became obsessed with a carp and I was more than an hour behind her until I got my fly, yes, after 1 hour ...

Banks of carps and barbels on the surface

The fishing of carps This time the carps or barbels are grouped and on the surface, they make small turns following some specimens (three to five fish), in this case we will never throw to the center or thickness of the side, because we will scare the carps that are on the sides, and in turn these will scare the others; When this happens, if we have patience, we will see how the surface group is grouped again, after a while they will continue feeding, although it is more likely that they will do so a few meters away from where they were before. When you find yourself in this situation, it is better to throw out of the side , it is likely that one of the carps that are taking small detours take the fly. When nailing it, the same previous situation will occur, scattering all at once and producing again that loud noise and in unison.

Differences between carp Royal and common carp

When the carps come along the shore in small squads, they all want to go first to choose the food (sometimes the same thing happens with the barbs), it is the best situation you can find to weigh them. We will launch where two or three of them are and immediately one will take the imitation so that the others do not remove it. If it happens that our fly is not caught, in the next group that is just behind those that have just passed, we will succeed. Of the two species cited, common carp and royal carp or mirrors , some differences have to be made:

The common carp is more elongated, the royal carp is more oval and with more showy scales; the common is stronger than the royal one. When it comes to tricking the fly, it is easier with the royal. The common one has the hardest mouth and it sticks better than the royal one, which has a soft and membranous mouth, unclogging many times if they do not catch on the same lips. Both species of carps are peaceful and group customs, rarely found alone, giving more in the common. They eat, they rest and they are sunny at the same time.

Stealth, look for the fish and delicately present the imitation are the three most important keys to fish carps and barbs

This type of fish are omnivores, they eat all kinds of food, living or dead, such as worms, algae, worms, seeds, aquatic and terrestrial insects, fruits, cereals, fish, tadpoles, dead animals and a large number of organic materials, being able to affirm that everything that is edible will be taken advantage of by the carps. I have seen them attack the bands of small percasoles and gambusinas throwing themselves towards them, then they pass absorbing those that are stunned, as if they were crumbs of bread. In addition to the imitations that we use to fly them, I have been able to see how a specimen was taken with live and dead fish, spoon, fishing or popper, etc.

Bait fishermen always achieved the best results. Mainly, because they are attracted first with all kinds of greases, such as corn, beans or worms . They can always fish them farther than we do, and of course, at greater depths. We, the fly fishermen , should not give up fishing and some days you will be surprised by the results. In addition, the nail and fight with a carp of two kilos and a light equipment of fly will bring you more new satisfactions, being able to break the schemes to the most purist of the fly fishermen. Personally, if I were to choose between freckles raised in captivity (reforested trout) or a day of carps on the surface, I would not think about it and fish for the carp. If we add the strength of these cyprinids and the long power they develop during the fight, I can assure you that fishing surface carps is exciting, being another alternative for lovers of fly fishing. Take care of them and release them, because they will provide wonderful days, live the capture and release!

Carp fishing in depth

Let's go straight to the point, in this second technique on carp fishing we talk about how to fish carps thoroughly for beginners and people who start in this modality, and therefore do not want to get involved with technical data and prefer to get to the point and read real facts and experiences own to later be able to apply them in fishing days.

The fishing equipment for carps

Use a pair of cheap rods of some power (100 to 150 grams of action), and as a technical novelty you can put some elastics, which are used in fishing rods to coup , to the primers to mitigate as much as possible the first "arreón" of the carp, since when fishing with the clip, the brake travel is scarce, reaching the previous one very soon if you do not walk very steeply. We like to call this modality: wild carpfishing (half traditional bottom, half modern fishing feeder ).

The technique of carpfishing

This fishing, although it seems simple, if we want to do it fairly well it is not so much, but with a little practice it will get to dominate without any problem. It is based on the precision and of making a good hatchery for the carps in the same way that is done practicing the fishing to the coup or to English ; In this technique the only difference is that the place where we make fish eat, or pesquil, we must do it with a starter.

How will we do such a thing? In the day that occupies us we will do it with the clip.

What is this? Expert fishermen will not have to be explained, but neophytes who start in this world may be.

This clip is a kind of plastic eyelash that is attached to the drum of the reel and most only used to hold or knot the line so that it does not come out when folding or picking up the rod. Well look where it has more virtues and uses, and the most esteemed is for deep-sea fishing . Of course, it must be used with fish that are not excessively large, otherwise the force and the thrust of these would break the line when it reaches its top with the clip, or even this one.

How do you fish with primer and clip?

Carp fishing reel clip. The fundamental thing is to always try to launch at the same point in order to do, as we have said, the feedlot . In this way we take a reference point and make a first powerful cast with the primer already loaded with groundnut. This is where we will anchor the line to the clip so that in subsequent sets we always fish at the same distance. So, having the reference point and the distance, it will only be a matter of going periodically getting a starter when we believe that the groundnut has already been separated from it, and thus making a pesquil where the cyprinids are going to eat. If we do this correctly, we will soon begin to have chopped. Fundamental precision, because if every time we launch to a different site the carps will not concentrate on the point that we want to catch them and they will spread, like the engodo, all over the stage, their capture being more casual than anything else.

How to catch carps in the fall?

Carp fishing rods It is important to know how the carps behave in the fall , knowing their seasonal peculiarities and their behavior before the arrival of the cold winter will increase your chances of fishing one of them. The behavior of some species such as carps depends, in many cases, on the meteorological conditions that accompany our fishing days . It could be said that the carps enjoy a 'sixth sense' that makes them able to detect and anticipate any climate change in advance. Therefore, it is normal to go fishing a few days before the arrival of a cold front and, although the conditions of that moment are favorable, notice how in a moment the bites fall suddenly and without warning. In these cases, do not be alarmed you will not find a logical explanation at the same time, but a few hours later or even the next day as the weather will change abruptly, something that the fish notice long before us so they rush to take refuge. This can happen to you whether you practice sport fishing or scuba diving.

The carps in particular are removed to areas with deeper waters and sheltered from the storm where the temperature is warmer and more stable than in other shallower areas. The carp has a cold-blooded metabolism, so the drop in water temperature will slow down your metabolism and your digestion process. In this way, the activity of the carp will go down a lot because its consumption of energy necessary to survive is scarce, they will not need a higher energy contribution to do it. That is why the carps are dedicated to find as many nutrients as possible to accumulate the necessary reserves to face the long and hard winter. And this makes the weeks before the winter's entrance the perfect opportunity to obtain the best results since the carp reaches its maximum weight right now.

5 infallible tips or tricks for carp fishing

Fishing carps is one of the main hobbies of fishermen half the world , it is a species that generates much addiction despite the difficulty of getting their chopped. Long and cold nights, plus days of incessant heat will accompany your fishing days if they are carps what you want to capture. Below we describe some brief and useful tips to get more carps fishing: infallible tricks that you should keep in mind whenever you go fishing

Beware of movements and noises: the carp is one of the most timid and cautious fish, they are able to detect the presence of any fisherman who approaches you, so you better be stealthy if you do not want the carp to capture you to you. It is very important to keep your fishing lines resting completely flat on the bottom of the lake, as many make the mistake of keeping them too tense and so the only thing that is achieved is to stay in the bottom and remain still, being tremendously harder to detect for the carps.

Do not pay too much attention to the details of the assembly:  do not waste your precious fishing time on that, it is better to focus on other aspects. Only assembly in those waters where the fishing pressure is very large will be crucial.

Stay active: the carps fishermen have to keep an active fishing to realize some details, such as changing the location of the carps in sunrises and sunsets, when they gasp on the surface. This is a perfect indicator to know where we can place the bait and thus increase the number of bites.

Do not fall asleep ... Wide eyes!

Master other techniques: such  as fishing with floats or surface fishing, so you can combine and apply them to significantly increase the number of bites. Especially in the bite of fishing you should know their attitude because sometimes you can make with it with a simple piece of biscuit, when they are on the surface, and other times they are more submerged you can capture them with the help of baits in floats .

Look for a good place: keep in mind that the time you spend looking for the fish will be time well invested since, obviously, it will increase your catches significantly. To do it with more precision, it is enough to use some depth sonar or map of the area. Some fixed laws indicate that, for example, in the spring the carps will tend to be located where the water is warmer.

What is the Guinness Record of carp fishing?

We tell you all the details of the last biggest capture ever recorded of carps, know the history of Keith Williams and the carp of ... 60.78 kg! A British tourist has managed to beat a Guinness World Record of Fishing by capturing the largest fish in the world. The species was captured in Krabi, Thailand and it is a carp with a weight of, nothing more and nothing less, 60.78 kilos ... Menudo exemplary! In order to capture this great carp the English fisherman, Keith Williams, dealt with the piece for more than 25 minutes until he manages to capture her on her birthday. Probably it was a stroke of luck with which Williams reacted in a big way, staying in shock. And it is not for less his reaction, since it is practically impossible to see carp specimens of such weight and size.

His wife stated that:  "I could feel in his bones that he was going to catch a special fish"

To make official big capture, the verdict of the " Game Fish Association " is still needed, which will ratify this finding and elevate it to the World Guiness Record category. This English fisherman has managed to surpass the previous mark in almost 10 kilograms more, belonging to the previous world record to Terry Mather who managed to capture a 51-kilogram Siamese carp ... That's nothing!